A Vertical Garden – also known as a Green Wall – is either free-standing or part of a building that is partially or completely covered with vegetation. The modern Vertical Garden, with integrated hydroponics was invented by Stanley Hart White at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign in 1931-38. White conceptualized this new garden type as a solution to the problem of modern garden design.

There are many advantages of having a vertical garden, including:

- A dynamic way to green a vertical built surface.
- Easy to use in apartments with balcony.
- Providing privacy and a disguise from unattractive views.
- Using hanging basket planter and pulley systems to make vertical gardening easy to get to, particularly good for gardening beginners.
- Providing excellent air circulation for the plants.
- Creating practical and functional gardening spaces, such as building a vertical garden space as a shaded area.
- The ability to grow a greater number of plants with little space.
- The plants can reduce overall temperatures of urban city buildings.
- Accessibility for gardeners with disability and elderly gardeners.

Are you interested in your own Vertical Garden?
The first thing to consider is the location of your wall. Is it inside? Outside? Does it get enough light or is it in the shade a lot? Is it in a sunny spot that tends to heat up in summer?

All of these factors will determine what type of plants will be the most suitable and also how much you will need to water and feed them. You might think that a Vertical Garden is only suited to certain types of plants, but in fact, you’d be surprised just how versatile they can be, and just how creative you can get.

A Vertical Garden starts as a blank canvas for anyone to paint plant! Take a look around your local nurseries and talk to the staff about the location you plan to put your wall and which plants are best suited to the conditions. Then it’s just a matter of deciding which ones you love the most.

by Brendan Giles
from Design We Need